Garbage cleaning robot will gather and process most of the garbage under certain circumstance for people. It can economize labor, enhance efficiency and improve the working environment. Unfortunately, most garbage-gathering devices of these mechanisms are singular and can be used for only one kind of environment as far as the land and water conditions are concerned. A kind of new amphibian garbage cleaning robot is brought forth and analyzed from three aspects, including mechanical structure, control system and programming method. And prototype of the robot is given. Analysis shows that this robot can directly move either from water to land or from land to water and above all, the robot has the advantage of low cost, long duration, better rigidity and convenient to operate.