Based on Darcy - Weisbach route losses equation, this test is focused on the mixed-flow problems at low speed in big flow field, designing the experiment scheme, introducing its principle, and setting up the test rig. According to the test result data, we put forward the definition of flow speed coefficient and draw its curves, and described some related issues, such as reverse pressure phenomenon，reliability of flow simulation, roughness, and so on. The results showed that the flow speed in the pipe will get higher with the flow field increasing, and smaller relative roughness pipes. The flow speed coefficient x≤1 and its curves is monotone decreasing function and will be closer to a fixed value at last with V0’s increasing. This test will provide theoretical basis for increasing fluid energy’s utilization.