Quasi-static indentation (QSI) tests on plain weave carbon fiber reinforced silicon carbide (C/SiC) ceramic matrix composites (CMC) have been performed to study the damage evolution law and damage modes. Acoustic emission (AE) and Ultrasonic C-scan techniques are creatively used to monitor the damage process and detect the indented damage, respectively. The damage development process could be described by three evidently different stages: initial crack tips spreading along within the matrix, matrix cracking and delamination as well as fiber bundles breakage of different layers. The AE activity indicated that the main damage modes are matrix cracking and delamination in the first two stages, once the pressing force exceeds the peak load the damage mode will change into fiber bundles breakage. Moreover, the damage procured in the QSI test is slightly lower than that produced in the low velocity impact (LVI) test under the equivalent energy, the correspondence between the two test methods is reasonably good.