Ceramic insulating tile is the main insulation material used on space shuttle thermal protection system at present, but this material has low strength, high brittleness and easy to be damaged. So the study of thermodynamic response of damaged rigid ceramic insulating tiles is very important. In this paper the temperature field and thermal stress field of the damaged ceramic insulating tiles under aerodynamic heating are simulated by ABAQUS code. The analyzed results indicate that the sharp degree of the damage shape has minor influence on the temperature field, but is more significant for the maximum thermal stress. Meanwhile the larger loading is, the bigger influence is.