By the uses of finite element method and finite volume method, we calculated the solid domain and fluid domain of windward leading edge which is flying under one condition. And the paper proved that heat pipes which covered on the leading edge have effect on thermal protection. The maximum temperature of the head decreased 12.2%. And the minimum temperature of after-body increased 8.85%. Achieving the transfer of heat from head to after-body, the front head of the thermal load was weakened and the ability of leading edge thermal protection was strengthen. The effect of the thickness of heat pipe, black level of covering materials and equivalent thermal conductivity of heat pipes on the wall temperature were discussed for the selection of thermal protection materials of windward leading edge to provide a frame of reference.