Different procedures of laser-induced doping of the surface region of semi-insulating CdTe semiconductor are discussed. CdTe crystals pre-coated with an In dopant film were subjected to irradiation with nanosecond laser pulses in different environments (vacuum, gas or water). The dopant self-compensation phenomenon was overcome under laser action and In impurity with high concentration was introduced in a thin surface layer of CdTe. In the case of a thick (300-400 nm) In dopant film, laser-induced shock wave action has been considered as the mechanism of solid-phase doping. Formed In/CdTe/Au diode structures showed high rectification depending on the fabrication procedure. Diodes with low leakage current were sensitive to high energy radiation.