The present work proposes to enhance the thermal interface denition in Finite Element (FE) simulations of machining. A user subroutine has been developed in Abaqus/Explicit © to implement a new experimentally-based heat partition model extracted from tribological tests. A 2D Arbitrary-Lagragian-Eulerian (ALE) approach is employed to simulate dry orthogonal cutting of AISI 1045 steel with coated carbide inserts. Simulation results are compared to experimental ones over a whole range of cutting speeds and feed rates in terms of average cutting forces, chip thickness, tool chip contact length and heat flux. This study emphasizes that heat transfer and temperature distribution in the cutting tool are drastically in uenced by the thermal formulation used at the interface. Consistency of the numerical results such as heat flux transmitted to the tool, peak temperature as well as hot spot location can be denitively improved.