Traditional residential building in mountain regions of many cultures and buildings patterns due to a variety of changes in environmental and human factors facing the threat of damage or even destroy dam, protection of existing vernacular areas and maintain development momentum imminent. We should utilize the advantage of traditional vernacular building which can adapt the local ecosystem, so we can build more distinctive and favorable dwellings in our village. In this paper, the chosen base of Daping Village is located in the Qinba Mountain in China. Introducing the cultural characteristics of local residential, and related on how to make use of modern technology and theory to maintain the sustainability of the architecture of mountainous, at the same time can meet the needs of modern life and to provide technical feasibility of new residential. Finally, put forward a number of green residential design principles, so as to the foundation of inherit and improve the traditional dwellings with regional ecological techniques in view of site choice, site layout, interior and exterior environment design, indoor setup, material use and construction technology.