Researchers and construction professionals have adopted lean manufacturing concepts and strategies in the development of lean construction principles. Much research is in progress to develop lean concepts and principles for better implementation. Sustainable development concepts present featuring social, ecological, cultural and environmental facets. There are some similarities in aspects of the principles of lean construction and sustainable construction. The theory of lean construction system plays a role in the process of achieving sustainable development objectives. This paper presents an analysis of the role of lean construction in the sustainable development， analyzes the sustainable construction task management, flow management and the value management under the lean construction system.