There are much complex internal microstructures of functionally graded materials, and the mechanical parameters of functionally graded materials structures varied with the space coordinates. Therefore, it is generally difficult to measure point by point macro distributions curves of functionally graded materials properties based on available experimental conditions. The prerequisite for various analyses of the functionally graded materials structures is the determination of macro distributions curves of materials properties parameters. In practice, only the spatial distributions of different material components can be controlled in the course of materials production. Therefore, the functionally graded distributions curves need inversing and identifying by the materials components. In the present paper, the inversion and identification technique was put forward based on the positive static and dynamic analyses by the microelement method, which was applied to do the scale-span analyses for macro responses of functionally graded materials structures based on the given materials components distributions in production.