The extractives of bamboo root was often used to cure some intractable diseases in the countryside of China, but the components of bamboo root extract are still unresolved. Therefore, 300 °C-based pyrolysis- GC/MS technology was used to identify and analyze the top value-added biomedical and bioactive components of benzene/ethanol extractives of Moso bamboo root. 45 compounds representing 97.316 % of the total areas were identified (Table 1) from 55 peaks. The main chemical components of benzene/methanol extractives of Moso bamboo root by 300°C-based Pyrolysis- GC/MS are as: 1,3-BENZODIOXOLE, 5-(1-PROPENYL)- (15.263%), NAPHTHALENE (12.316%), 1,2-BENZENEDICARBOXYLICACID,BIS(2-METHYLPROPYL) ESTER (9.385%), BENZENE, 1,2-DIMETHOXY-4-(2-PROPENYL)- (7.624%), 2-PROPENOIC ACID, 3-(2-HYDROXYPHENYL)- (E)- (6.012%), 4-HYDROXY-2-METHYLACETOPHENONE (5.226%), 1,2-BENZENEDICARBOXYLIC ACID, BUTYL2-METHYLPROPYL ESTER (4.328%), etc. The result showed that the 300 °C pyrolyzate of benzene/ethanol extractives of Moso bamboo root is rich in biomedical components, and also contains some bioactive components which can be used as top value-added materials of high-grade spice, cosmetic and food.