The Mg(OH)2-based peroxide bleaching process of Nigra poplar CTMP pulp was confirmed. The optimal bleaching condition were as follows: 4% H2O2,1% Mg(OH)2, 15% pulp consistency, the reaction temperature was 80°C and the suitable reaction time was 2 hours. The Mg(OH)2-based bleaching process shows significant benefits over sodium hydroxide process. In contrast, magnesium hydroxide bleaching generates higher pulp yield and lower effluent COD at the same chemical dosage. The study shows peroxide bleaching of CTMP pulp with magnesium hydroxide as alkali source is to be an option for the high-yield pulp bleaching.