The allotropes of graphite and activated carbon were mixed with Cu and Mo powder, respectively. And the two groups of mixtures were high-energy milled and annealed. X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and DSC/TG were used to investigate the phase transformation during the milling and sintering process. For both groups of powder milled, Mo was hard to dissolve in Cu, and C mainly congregated in the surface of Cu powder. When Cu-Mo-graphite powder as milled was annealed, Mo2C was formed. In comparison to Cu-Mo-graphite alloyed powder, Cu-Mo-activated carbon powder partially formed Cu oxide and Mo oxide with higher binding energy during milling process, which caused higher reduction temperature of Cu oxide and reaction temperature of Mo2C.This template explains and demonstrates how to prepare your camera-ready paper for Trans Tech Publications. The best is to read these instructions and follow the outline of this text.