This paper aims to characterize Baoluo kaolin and investigate its chemical composition. The Baoluo kaolin was characterized by XRD and SEM. The XRD pattern revealed that the Baoluo kaolin was composed of kaolinite, quartz, little feldspar and mica. Its chemical composition was determined by volumetric method, titration method and flame photometer method. The weight percentages of Al2O3, SiO2, Fe2O3, Na2O and ignition loss in the Baoluo kaolin are 36%, 46%, 0.56%, 1.21% and 12.76%, respectively. The results in this paper would be benefit to industry utilization of the Baoluo kaolin.