Paper Title:
Separation of Dimethylformamide/H2O Mixtures Using Pervaporation-Distillation Hybrid Process
  Abstract

Three kinds of commercial PVA composite membranes with different crosslinking degrees (PVA-1, PVA-2 and PVA-3) were used to separate DMF/H2O mixtures. Their pervaporation performance was investigated at different operation temperatures. The results showed that PVA-1 was the most suitable one for separating DMF/H2O mixtures. When operation temperature was 60°C and downstream pressure was lower than 6kPa, flux reached to 0.59 kg·m-2·h-1 and separation factor was 33 for PVA-1 membranes. Aspen Plus® was applied to simulate the normal distillation for retentate from pervaporation unit. Comparing with the two-effect distillation, the cost of concentrating DMF could be reduced 16.2% to 19.2% for DMF aqueous solution with different composition by hybrid processes. The cost would be the lowest for a hybrid process that concentrated the feed into 50wt% by pervaporation firstly, then concentrated retentate to 99.6wt% by two-effect distillation

  Info
Periodical
Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 233-235)
Edited by
Zhong Cao, Lixian Sun, Xueqiang Cao, Yinghe He
Pages
866-869
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.233-235.866
Citation
G. L. Han, Q. Zhang, J. Zhong, H. Shao, H. R. Zhang, "Separation of Dimethylformamide/H2O Mixtures Using Pervaporation-Distillation Hybrid Process", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 233-235, pp. 866-869, 2011
Online since
May 2011
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$32.00
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