In order to enhance the operational safety of tram vehicle and reduce the wear of guide wheels mounted on the vehicle, it is necessary to remove particles such as dusts and silts from tramway surface. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of street vacuum sweeper for sucking up dusts from tramway surface. A numerical model was developed based on dusts removal process. Under different pressure drops across the pickup head of the street vacuum sweeper, the flow field and dusts removal efficiency were analyzed with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method. The numerical results show that a higher pressure drop can improve the airflow field in the pickup head and results in higher dusts removal efficiency, but higher pressure drop definitely need more energy. Therefore, a balance should be taken into consideration.