In order to improve water-resistant ability silk fibroin (SF) and SF/P(LLA-CL) blended nanofibrous scaffolds for tissue engineering applications, methanol vapor were used to treat electrospun nanofibers. SEM indicated SF and SF/ P(LLA-CL) scaffolds maintained nanofibrous structure after treated with methanol vapor and possessed good water-resistant ability. Characterization of 13C NMR clarified methanol vapor induced SF conformation from random coil or α- helix to β-sheet. Moreover, treated SF/ P (LLA-CL) nanofibrous scaffolds still kept good mechanical properties. Methanol vapor could be ideal method to treat SF and SF/ P(LLA-CL) nanofibrous scaffolds for biomedical applications.