Paper Title:
The Crystal Behaviors of Shortenings Made from Lard and Palm Oil
  Abstract

The crystal behaviors of lard- based and palm oil-based shortenings manufactured under different crystallization conditions were studied and compared, by using X-ray diffraction method, in order to decide whether lard can be replaced with cheaper palm oil for the production of shortening. The results showed that lard-based shortenings all exhibited β-type of crystal structure under tested crystallization conditions, whereas those shortenings based on the palm oil or the blend of palm stearin with palm olein presented β-type crystals under the maturation temperature of 20°C and β’-type crystals under the maturation temperature of 25°C~28°C. This study demonstrated that lard-based shorternings do not have β’-type crystal structure, a key character for the production of high quality shortening, and palm oil (including palm stearin and palm olein) is more suitable than lard when used as a solid fat material for the manufacture of shortenings.

  Info
Periodical
Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 236-238)
Edited by
Zhong Cao, Yinghe He, Lixian Sun and Xueqiang Cao
Pages
2683-2687
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.236-238.2683
Citation
S. X. Wu, R. X. Liu, H. Li, M. Ji, "The Crystal Behaviors of Shortenings Made from Lard and Palm Oil", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 236-238, pp. 2683-2687, 2011
Online since
May 2011
Export
Price
$32.00
Share

In order to see related information, you need to Login.

In order to see related information, you need to Login.

Authors: An Hua Wu, Jia Yue Xu, Juan Zhou, Bao Liang Lu, Xian Jun Wu, Xin Hua Li, Guo Xing Qian
Abstract:Langasite (La3Ga5SiO14, LGS) and its isomorphs, were regarded as potential substrate materials for surface acoustic wave (SAW) and bulk...
217
Authors: Hiroshi Yoshida, Masayuki Takada, Shinzo Yoshikado
Abstract:The relationship between the crystal structure of Bi2O3 and the recovery of the electrical degradation of ZnO varistors was investigated....
209
Authors: Xia Wang, Ming Qing Xing
Chapter 12: Materials and its Applications
Abstract:Large single crystal of Na2Ni (SO4)2.4H2O (NNSH) was grown for the first time using method of isothermal decrease of supersaturation. The...
1735
Authors: Koji Inaka, Hiroaki Tanaka, Sachiko Takahashi, Satoshi Sano, Masaru Sato, Masateru Shirakawa, Yoshinori Yoshimura
Chapter 10: High and Micro Gravity Materials Science
Abstract:t is believed that a microgravity environment may maintain ideal depletion zones of protein (PDZ) and impurity (IDZ) around growing crystals...
565
Authors: Yan Na Li, Shu Kun Lin
Chapter 11: Analytical Chemistry and Environmental Chemistry
Abstract:Single crystal of 5-sulfosalicylato potassium was grown by the method of slow cooling in solution. The crystal shows a good cleavability...
1929