Engineered cementitious composites (ECC) has good ductility, with its unique strain hardening and multiple cracking characteristics. Through the research of uniaxial direct tension performance and durability tests of ECC blending with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) fiber, the tensile stress-strain curves, the freeze-thaw resistances and the impermeability of ECC were analyzed. The tensile stress - strain curve results show strain hardening of ECC achieved under the uniaxial tensile load; PVA fiber has good crack resistance toughening effect, can significantly improve crack resistance and deformation capacity of cementitious composites. The maximum tensile strain of the ECC is between 3800με to 8657με (20-50 times that of polypropylene fiber concrete) displays high toughness and large deformation characteristics. The freezing level of the ECC is higher than F300, which is ideal for the maintenance and reinforcement of concrete structures in cold regions. Domestic and imported PVA fiber can significantly improve the impermeability and crack resistance of the ECC.