The effects of SiC fiber shape, aspect ratio and loading direction on the deformation behavior of SiC fiber reinforced Al matrix composites were studied by finite element method using axisymmetric unit cell model. The results showed that the addition of reinforcements will cause constraint on the plastic flow of ductile matrix, and thus result in no-uniform stress distribution. The reinforcement shape has a pronounced effect on the overall plastic deformation of the metal matrix composites. The loading condition will cause different failure mechanisms of composites. Under tensile loading, the stress-bearing ability in the plastic region is increased with the fiber aspect ratio due to the increase in the interface between the reinforcement and matrix and the decrease in the inter-particle space.