Taking deep excavation engineering in North Region of Senlin Park Station of Beijing Olympic Subway branch as engineering background, deformation law of enclosure structure of deep excavation are studied by the in-situ monitoring means .It shows that the maximum horizontal displacement of retaining pile is closely related with excavation depth and time. When the deep foundation pit is excavated to a certain depth, and steel brace hasn’t been erected, horizontal displacement of the pile tops is maximum. The location of the maximum horizontal displacement shifts down with foundation pit excavation and steel brace erection. With steel brace application, steel axis force decrease, so steel brace can effectively control horizontal displacements of retaining pile and internal force of steel in the pile. In addition, temperature has a certain effect to axis force of steel brace.