DX pile is a newly developed variable cross-section pile. Compared to conventional straight pile, it has distinct advantages on bearing capacity and settlement control. However, the bearing mechanism and characteristics of settlement, especially on group DX piles, are not clear. This paper illustrated and analyzed the bearing capacity and settlement characteristics of single DX pile and group DX piles according to the test results of in-situ model test. Special attention was paid on single and group DX pile comparison under same circumstances, at the mean while, compared the single DX pile and conventional pile with the same pile length and diameter, and with the same bearing capacity. The conclusions from the test results provided theoretical references for the design of the DX piles in engineering practices.