The direct shear tests were conducted with undisturbed and reconstituted soft clay, then the structural influence on shear strength was studied, and the laws were got. No matter shear strength of slow shear or consolidated quick shear on undisturbed and reconstituted soil have not peak values, strength line of reconstituted soil is a slash, but the shear strength line of undisturbed soil is obviously a broken line. The internal friction angle of undisturbed and reconstituted soil is basically the same. There are good linear relationship between internal friction angle and plastic index of clayey soil. The amplitude of internal friction angle of reconstituted soil decreasing with plastic index increasing is less than that of undisturbed soil. From wf-lgp curve can be seen, with the increasing of vertical stress, water content of shear failure decrease gradually, and linear correlation of each curve is very good.