According to the thought of beam string structure, pre-stressing structure was presented that it was joined by rigid grid and flexible cable by pole support. It was grid string branch structure. A calculation model of string branch grid was founded. Static and dynamic characteristics of the structure that it was acted by different pre-stress value were analyzed. Through the analysis, the structure displacement and internal forces of rod are improved obviously depending on pre-stress value. The pre-stress value is larger, structure displacement and internal forces of rod are lower. Natural vibration characteristics of the structure are almost not changing, while pre-stress value is changing. When the structure is time history analysis, its response curve accords with general law of structural vibration. Node displacement response of up and bottom chord nodes are not occurred retardation effect.