The temperature stress due to temperature changes is often more than the concrete tensile strength during construction period and operation period in massive concrete structures in hydraulic engineering, so the analysis of temperature stress, temperature control and measures to prevent the cracks become very important. The solution of large sparse linear equations is essential to finite element simulation in simulation analysis of temperature field. However, the traditional direct method will cost too much memory and calculation time, and the nodes is limited. The symmetric successive over relaxation (SSOR)-preconditioned conjugate gradient (PCG) method is a very efficient iterative method for solving large sparse linear equations. Construction process simulation and temperature filed calculation during construction period about Caohe river landing rectangle aqueduct of Beijing-Shijiazhuang emergency water supply engineering of middle-route of south-to-north water transfer project are carried out by FEM code using SSOR-PCG method, then the calculation result and monitoring value are compared. The comparison result shows that temperature field during construction can be accurately simulated by simulation calculation, which is helpful for guiding construction and choosing construction scheme, and worthy to popularize to other similar projects.