In the numerical calculation of geotechnical project, it’s difficult to confirm the parameters because of the complexity and the uncertainty of them as the time is changing. However, the back-analysis provides us an effective way. Based on the result of the triaxial test on rock-fill of Shui Bu Ya CFRD, the thesis adopts the direct back-analysis method which combines the BP Neural Network and Genetic Algorithm to calculate the Tsinghua non-linear K-G model parameters of the rock-fill. The back-analysis parameters are used to simulate the filling process of Shui Bu Ya CFRD and predict the displacement of the dam. The thesis provides a technical reference for displacement back-analysis of soil parameters for CFRD.