The study analysis the disaster risk using the asset management database of Ching Yun University. The study proposed the risk factors of calculation and process in different disaster. Disaster of highest frequency in history of Ching Yun University is fire disaster and artificial mistake. The risk value was been calculated from the facilities and personnel on each floor. The risk analysis results show that the badly need of improvement floors is 3F, 6F and 8F. There is the highest risk value of personnel and facilities in 3F. This study proposes four improving options to reduce the casualties of the two dangerous situations occurrence. The analysis method of risk assessment used in this study is suitable for the general building to use to plan escape routes but the database should be set first.