The contrary space sequence is a concept and design principle that aims at the historical town and the historical street spatial combine. Through research of the unique constitute of space of historical and cultural towns to explore the potential spatial culture of sustainable development in history. In history ,that many towns depend on the existence of external environment landscape space first, limited and influenced the composing of internal landscape space, then form the landscape space of inside and outside towns to continue harmonious the space structure of combination and the sequence. The contrary space sequence has its own organic composition and rules of space that was order and correlation but not exists alone. It is a greater significance and application value to use this principle to guide the formation of new space and followed its growth pattern for the ancient town's transformation and development and for pioneering the new city space and landscape gardens and urban green space layout.