This paper dealt with the influence of the steel-concrete interface quality and environmental conditions on reinforcement corrosion. High size concrete members were cast to get different interface quality decreased with the height of rebar due to the top-bar effect. Five groups of specimen with two concrete covers have subjected to different exposed programs. The experimental results showed that the concrete cover significantly influenced corrosion initiation and corrosion rate by blocking the penetration of aggressive agents. The height of rebar affected the corrosion initiation because of the variation of concrete porosity, interface defects and chloride threshold. The existence of defects at the interface was more important than the size of defect for corrosion initiation.