It may appear different diseases after years of operation on old bridges. In order to understand the actual working condition and the bearing capacity of the bridge, the static and dynamic tests are taken. It describes the principle and methods for the load test via taking Banlashan Arch Bridge for example in this paper. The stiffness, strength and dynamic characteristics of bridge structure are measured, and the maintenance and reinforcing schemes are proposed, according to the results of static and dynamic load tests. Through analyzing the tests, the data and information of bridge can be accumulated, and the mechanical characteristics of this kind of bridge are discussed.