Chinese tradition philosophy traces back to five thousands year ago. As a branch, Five Elements originally belonged to Chinese Natural Philosophy，but widely permeated into social system, culture, science, urban plan and linguistic literature during the development. Currently, public art establishes a brand new interaction relationship between human beings and objects by making use of rich material language and practicing the integration of art form and concept. It reflects the spirit value of culture opening, sharing and communicating in the space that has become increasingly recognized and accepted by people. No matter the expression form or concept of artists, both reveal the close contact between Chinese tradition culture and philosophy. In order to promote the development of public art, this study explores the internal connection between Five Elements and Public Art through analyzing the connection of material language and application of artistic creation.