Based on geologic condition of one tunnel surrounding rock mass, systematic numerical tests had been carried out to study the stability of surrounding rock mass with different distributions of weak intercalated rock by the FEM software ABAQUS and strength reduction finite element method. Some quantificational results about the stability of surrounding rock mass were summarized. And the safety factor and latent slip surface were worked out. The stability of surrounding rock mass was judged by strength reduction finite element method. According to the analysis above, it’s known that the discrepancy of two rules is small; the safety factor is the lowest when weak intercalated rock in vault, and when at bottom, it’s higher than that of in vault. The conclusion can be used to guide the procedure of construction and ensure the safety.