Microstructure and texture of Ti-Nb-Si based alloys, prepared by water quenching from β-phase field, cold rolling and recrystallization heat treatment followed by water quenching, were investigated in terms of optical microstructure and analysis of X-ray pole figure result. Optical microstructure observation and X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the microstructure of as-quenched sample appeared to mixture appearance consisting of mostly bcc-structured β phase and small amount of orthorhombic-structured α″ phase. After cold rolling elongated structure parallel to the rolling direction was observed, and equiaxed structure with the average grain size of about 20~30μm was developed for the sample after recrystallization heat treatment. In as-cold rolled sample we have found well-developed α-fiber texture components which are frequently observed in bcc-structured metals and alloys. In recrystallized sample, rotated cube texture component was weakly detected. The variation of elastic modulus values was interpreted in terms of changes in texture components depending on thermomechanical processing.