The total porosity of high performance concrete specimens after different level uniaxial tensile loading were measured to reflect the damage degree of mechanical load to the microstructure of the concrete. Meanwhile, considering the environmental characteristics of the ocean tidal zone, chloride penetration tests of the concrete were carried out with salt solution capillary absorption method. Based on the profile of chloride measured from specimens, chloride diffusion coefficients of the concrete under uniaxial tensile load with different levels are determined further by Fick’s second law. Results show that both of total porosity and chloride diffusion coefficient of the concrete are increased significantly after short-term tensile loading. And the evolutions of the porosity and chloride diffusion coefficient are similar with the development of micro-cracks under uniaxial tensile load.