Salt-frost action is one of the main causes that induced the decrease of force resistance behavior of concrete structure in cold areas. By the freezing and thawing cycles of 0, 50, 100 and 200 times for the reinforcement concrete beam specimens in saline solution, the effects of freezing and thawing cycles on the bond behavior between steel bar and concrete are studied. The results show that: with the increase of freezing and thawing cycles, the bond strength and the bond stiffness trend to degenerate. The co-operating capacity between steel bar and concrete falls down. The ductility of the specimens reduces, and the bond failure presents brittle. The degradation speed of bond strength after salt-frosting is relevant to the size and stirrup ratio of specimens, the larger the specimen’s size is, and the higher the stirrup ratio is, The stronger the capacity of resisting freezing-thawing cycle is, the more slowly the bond property degenerate, the study using small specimens will probably underestimate the frost resistance of actual structure.