Silver nanoparticles protected by Tetradecyltrimethyl Ammonium Bromide (TTAB) were prepared in a one-phase electrochemical system. Electrochemical procedure, based on the dissolution of a metallic anode in an appropriate solvent, has been used to get silver nanoparticles. It is possible to get different particle size by changing the current density. The optical properties of the silver Nanoparticles were investigated by UV-Vis and Photoluminescence (PL) Spectroscopy. Absorption peak were found 424 nm which confirm the presence of Ag nanoparticles. The structural properties of the samples were carried out by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements. XRD confirmed the preferential growth of Ag nanoparticles whose average size is ≈ 20 nm in the <111> orientation as well as purity of silver clusters.