This paper studied at recycling and using of metallic tailings on the refractory used in aluminum-smelting furnace. The masonry arts and crafts of combustion chamber wall are introduced. The software FLUENT is used for simulating the temperature distribution of combustion chamber wall, which is used for software ANSYS as the temperature condition to simulation of heat stress of combustion chamber wall in bad operating condition. Contrast the simulating results of new type material with the traditional refractory one, the better performance of the refractory products with new type material is verified. The results can be an academic reference for synthetically application of metallic tailings. The extend application of the technology of metallic tailings on aluminum-smelting furnace will give a great impulse to the energy saving and environmental protection.