Flocculation water treatment is one of the important aspects of water treatment .The aim of this work is to use PFS for treating Yellow River surface water and different molecular weights of chitosan as coagulant aid. Electron microscope was used to observe flocs morphology and study CTS coagulation aid morphological change, floc image with microscope camera system analysis, calculation of floc fractal dimension. The results show that the different molecular weights of CTS in dealing with surface raw water to play a good coagulation aid effect. Microscope and image analysis system of flocs morphology show that fractal dimension of morphology of PFS / CTS were significantly higher ,Among them，high molecular weight of CTS as coagulant aid，and fractal dimension of morphology of PFS/ CTS were 1.1026,1.5593 , low molecular weight of CTS as coagulant aid，and fractal dimension of morphology of PFS/ CTS were 1.0904,1.5440 respectively. Floc fractal dimension changes to better reflect the flocculation level and treatment effect for the establishment of floc fractal dimension number of changes in the coagulation control is provided for reference.