The effect of 0.06%Nb on the microstructure and mechanical properties of grain boundary allotriomorphic ferrite (FGBA) / granular bainite (Bg) air-cooling bainitic steels has been investigated in this paper. The results indicate that the steel acquires superior mechanical properties by adding 0.06%Nb. Compared with Non-Nb steel, the addition of 0.06%Nb increases the tensile strength and yield strength about 37.1% (From 780MPa to 1070MPa)and 26.6%(From 557MPa to 705MPa) respectively, remaining 18.3% elongation and 97J toughness. The addition of 0.06%Nb not only promotes the nucleation of intragranular ferrite but also refines the allotriomorphic ferrite grain , both of which in turn contribute to the refinement of granular bainite cluster including its ferrite platelets and M-A islands. Under the synthetic roles of the microstructure refinement and precipitation strengthening, 148MPa yield strength improvement has been acquired in the low carbon air-cooling bainitic steel by the adding of 0.06%Nb.