Due to the lack of trifunctional polypropylene oxide (TPPO) certified reference material (CRM) with precise molecular weight on the market, it is therefore very important to prepare such CRM to calibrate the molecular weight testing equipments, and assure the quality in polyurethanes manufacture. In this paper, the certification of TPPO CRM was introduced based on the size-exclusion chromatography with a multi-angle laser light scattering (SEC-MALLS) method and end-group analysis method. First, TPPO was synthesized via controlled ring-opening polymerization of propylene oxide in the condition of both high temperature and pressure using double metal cyanide (DMC) complexes as catalyst, and TPPO oligomer as coinitiator. Then, the molecular weight homogeneity of TPPO CRM was evaluated by using the F-distribution model, and the storage stability of the molecular weight of TPPO CRM was assessed. All potential uncertainty factors for the certification of TPPO CRM were evaluated using cause-effect diagram. The results showed that the chemical structure of TPPO CRM was an anticipatory structure, which was confirmed by IR. The molecular weight homogeneity of TPPO CRM was qualified. The storage stability period of the final product was one year with respect to its molecular weight, and the certification results of TPPO CRM obtained by SEC-MALLS and end-group analysis were 4996±162 and 5025±146, respectively.