The diffusion coefficients of slag constituents were calculated using Eyring equation. The Urbain slag viscosity calculation method was modified by improving the constiuents dividing method based on slag depolymerisation degree NBO/T calculation. the amphoteric oxides such as TiO2, Cr2O3, Fe2O3, B2O3 and Al2O3 were specifically dividied into glass former part and modifier part, and the diffusion dimension was calculated according to the value of NBO/T. The results of diffusion coefficients showed that, the modified method is more accurate than the Urbain method within the calculation conditions. Based on the modified diffusion coefficient calculation method, ladle slag composition was optimized to enhance the deoxidization rate.