Nanofibrous scaffolds of PVA and HA were prepared by electrospinning. SEM showed the scaffolds had porous nanoﬁbrous morphology, and the diameter of the fibers was in the range of 200-1000 nm. FTIR and XRD showed the presence of HA in the scaffolds. The mechanical properties of the scaffolds changed by the adding content of HA. For the nanoscaffolds with 2wt % HA, the ultimate tensile strength and the elongation at break was 7.5 MPa and 17%. The PVA/HA nanoscaffolds prepared by electrospinning indicated good properties, and had a potential applications in bone tissue engineering and drug delivery systems.