Nanosized CoFe2O4 powders of 12nm particle size were directly prepared by solution SHS method at room temperature. The overall process involves three steps: formation of homogeneous sol; formatiom of dried gel; and combustion of the dried gel. Experiments revealed that CoFe2O4 dried gel derived from citrate and nitrate sol exhibited self-propagation combustion(SHS) at room temperature once it was ignited in air. After self-propagating combustion, the gel directly transforms into nanosized CoFe2O4 particles. The self-propagating combustion was considered as a heat-induced exothermic oxidation-reduction reaction between nitrate ions and carboxyl group. Differential thermal analysis-thermogravimetry (DTA-TG) was used to study the decomposition of the precursor. The structure of the nanosized CoFe2O4 powders was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM).