CuO-CoO-MnO/SiO2 nanocomposite aerogel as catalysts carrier was prepared via sol-gel process and CO2 supercritical drying (SCD) technique. Catalyst supported by the nanocomposite aerogel was prepared via impregnation method. The catalyst was used for the synthesis of diphenyl carbonate (DPC), and the yield of DPC in mass is up to 26.31%. The catalysis system of PdCl2/Co(OAc)2-Cu(OAc)2-Mn(OAc)2/TBAB/H2BQ is favorable to the synthesis of DPC. PdCl2, acetates of transition metals and H2BQ were the key catalyst, inorganic cocatalyst and organic cocatalyst, respectively. TBAB was the surface active agent of Pd0 and stabilizer of Pd2+ in the catalysis system.