The 0.4mol•L-1CuSO4 liquor and 5mol•L-1NaOH liquor were prepared by CuSO4·5H2O and NaOH as raw materials. The Cu2O powders were prepared by dextrose reducer and PVP dispersant. The Cu2O oxidation reaction DTA-TG-DTG curves were obtained by SDT 2960 simultaneous DSC-TGA analysis apparatus. The mensuration condition were that rise temperature velocity 15°C·min-1 and deoxidize gas air. The Cu2O oxidation reaction kinetics was calculated by DTA-TG-DTG curves data. The results indicate that the cuprous oxide powders shape were spherical, their particle’ sizes were 100,200,1000nm. Their apparent activation energy were 164.38, 175.54, 282.65 KJ·mol-1, the apparent activation energy increase with Cu2O particle’ size. Their frequency factors were 1.22×1013, 1.40×1013, 2.88×1020, the frequency factors increase with particle’ size Cu2O. Their reaction progressions were 1.02, 1.00, 0.96, the reaction progression increase with Cu2O particle’ size decreased.