The performance of half-cell for anode supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) is necessary to wide use of SOFCs. This work is to study the reduction degree of anode and the residual stress changes that occur during hydrogen reduction on the different temperatures and in different times. The porosity of the specimens with oxidation is less than that of the reduction one. There is no Ni phase in the sample before hydrogen reduction. After hydrogen reduction on 1000°C for 6 hours, there is no NiO phase in the sample. It reveals the NiO has been reduced into Ni completely. We also investigate residual stresses in the electrolyte layer using X-ray diffraction. The residual stress value of electrolyte is about -844.1MPa before reduction. After hydrogen reduction on 800°C for 9 hours, the residual stress is decreased to -474.8MPa. So the reduction temperature can choose as 600°C and the reduction time can choose as 9 hours.