With the development of industry, water pollution is increasingly severe. The research and development of oil-absorbing materials plays an important role in solving the ecological environment protection. Various oil-absorbing materials are introduced. Then, the new oil-absorbing materials are introduced mainly, including classification, production methods, oil-absorbing mechanism and properties. The limitations of the new oil-absorbing materials are pointed. And the development direction of oil-absorbing materials should be toward the high efficiency, low-cost, environmentally friendly and biodegradable.