Subgrade diseases are exposed more and more serious with raising speed of existing railway in wide range. Dynamic numerical simulation had been done to analyze the effect of CFG-pile caps and cushion in composite foundation with CFG-pile in low embankment of Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway. Distribution rules of dynamic displacement and dynamic stress of the subgrade surface and ground surface on the cross section, attenuation rules of dynamic response and dynamic stress ratio between pile and soil on the vertical section were studied. It shows that the dynamic stress of pile and soil generally attenuates in depth and attenuation of dynamic stress ratio between pile and soil mostly concentrates in the scope of 10m beneath the ground and dynamic stress caused by train load is undertaken by the pile. Moreover the scheme of CFG-pile with no pile caps and rigid cushion scheme is superior to that of pile caps and flexible cushion scheme for enhancing dynamic stability and reducing dynamic displacement and stress in low embankment. It will be instructive to control design and construction for the low embankment in Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway.