Reconstruction of high temperature melting compound steel slag-fly ash can be effectively digest f-CaO in steel slag. The experimental result shows that the f-CaO contents in modified slag is greatly affected by fly ash addition(respectively 5%, 7%, 14%) when the temperature is 1580°C and constant temperature is 30min, the digestion rates are respectively 56.99%,63.69%,68.55%. Modified mineral content of the steel slag changes greatly, mainly reflects at enormous increase in magnetite, dicalcium silicate, tricalcium silicate, wustite and vitreous. By micro-structure analysis of several kinds of modified slag mineral, tricalcium silicate mainly shape for branch of tree, dicalcium silicate is in the form of a circular, wustite and vitreous mainly distribute in aggregation state. The above minerals can increase cementitious activity for modified slag becoming cement.