This paper takes marine Kingsbury sliding thrust bearing as the research object and conducts the finite element dynamic analysis with the aid of ANSYS software. On this basis, the acoustic boundary element model of a sliding thrust bearing shell is established with the ANSYS dynamic analysis results as the boundary excitation conditions. Besides, the radiated sound power of the shell is calculated by indirect boundary element method in SYNOSISE software. The influence of different condition parameters on the radiated sound power of the shell is perceived through the analysis of several rotation-thrust conditions. As for the special structure of this kind of sliding-thrust bearing, this paper states the impact of the supporting structure performance parameters, the pad number and damp of shell on the shell radiated sound power. The optimized measure for the supporting structure and the plan concerning the pad number’s selection lays the theoretical basis for damping and noise-reducing research on marine sliding-thrust bearing and its rotor system.